Canada’s History decided to mark the centennial of the first women to win the vote in Canada — in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1916 — by celebrating great women from Canada’s past.
To create our list we recruited a panel of prominent Canadians — former Governor General Adrienne Clarkson; bestselling author Charlotte Gray; historians Michèle Dagenais (Université de Montreal), Tina Loo (University of British Columbia), and Joan Sangster (Trent University); and author and English professor Aritha van Herk (University of Calgary).
Theirs was not an easy task, for how do you define greatness? The list of thirty names the panel came up with is by no means definitive; some of the names are familiar, others are obscure. But what can be said is that each of the great women chosen has in some way made a positive impact on Canada.
Canada’s History would like to invite teachers and students to take on new perspectives and some other historical thinking concepts. Have students select one of the thirty women and debate whether she deserves to be identified as a great or if someone else should take her place. Take the time with your class to listen to this interview with one of our judges, Joan Sangster, about her experience in selecting these great women.
Place all thirty women on a timeline of Canadian History. (Students can also place women on a map of Canada to gain a better understanding of place).
Identify major events in Canadian history that fall within the date range of these women.
Using what they have learned about these events in Canadian history, discuss how these events may have influenced these women. Be sure to encourage students to take the perspectives of these women to better understand how they would have felt about these events.
Use independent/group research project to further students understanding (see below).
Hold a class debate to defend or criticize the women to decide who belongs in the top twenty, ten, five or one.
Vote as a class.
Take top women from class vote and submit to the national vote. The teacher will have to submit the vote, see official rules.
Independent or group research project:
Select a woman.
Identify the major and minor influences in her life (social, political, economic and cultural) and show with primary and secondary source evidence how she responded to them.
Pinpoint the turning point in her life.
Why and how did her work impact the surrounding community and Canada?
Take the perspective of the woman, how do you think she felt and thought about the work she was doing? Can you find evidence to support this?
Was she fighting against an injustice? Research the injustice in Canada. Where are its roots? Who was supporting it? Who was fighting against it? Is it still an issue in Canada or communities within Canada today?